Old Testament Examples of Repentance
A. Video- "Broken"
B. The word repentance means brokenness, I'm sorry, I need to change.
Repentance starts with genuine sorrow & regretting but it doesn't stop
there. Repentance means to regret and to change. If there is no change,
then there has been no true repentance. Repentance is a godly sorrow
that leads to change. The best definition of repentance is a turning
from sin and a turning to God
C. To help us understand repentance here are 3 Old Testament Examples of
A. II Chronicles 7:13,14
1. Humble themselves- surrender to God and deny yourself to God
2. Pray- plea for God's mercy
3. Seek God's face- a desperate plea for our only possible hope of
4. Turn from their wicked ways- OT word for repentance
5. God will hear from heaven
6. God will forgive sin
7. God will heal our land
Note: when trouble comes from our sins, humble repentance leads to
B. Psalm 32:1-11
Vs. 1&2-The blessedness of forgiveness- the 4 fold blessing.
Vs. 3&4- Hiding from God- nothing but pain, sadness & weakness
Vs. 5- Repentance means- brokenness, honesty, confession,
forgiveness, clean conscience, no guilt
Vs. 6-11- Come now while you can- hide in God for protection &
safety- don't hide from God- come voluntarily, trust in God & in
His love- rejoice and sing because things are right in your heart!
Note: Keeping silent is dishonest- thinking we can deceive God. The
Lord cannot admit or confess sin for us- we have to do that. When
we are silent, we have inner pain- a loss of strength- depression-
no escape day or night- no release. Confession brings immediate
release. Forgiveness brings a clear conscience.
Vs. 5- lifting away guilt is like lifting a crushing weight that has pinned
Vs. 6-7- an urgency to repent- God is our hiding place- our protection.
Vs. 8-10- repent voluntarily- not by force like a horse or mule
Vs. 11- the righteous are not sinless but ones who confess sins- joy
praise & singing!
Note: Don't make Christians hide their sin- let them confess & then
help them recover. The 5th step of AA says, "Admit to God, to
ourselves, and to another human being the exact nature of our
wrongs." We need a support group or community to continue our
recovery. Don't make sinners hide! Set them free!
C. Psalm 51:1-19
II Sam. 11 & 12- King David- coveting, theft, adultery, murder,
conspiracy to cover up- 5 of the 10 commandments broken in one
II Sam. 12- conviction of sin- "I have sinned"
Ps. 51- confession of sin
Vs. 1& 2- pleading with God- cleanse me- forgive me.
Vs. 3-6- David states the facts
Vs. 7-9- more pleas for forgiveness
Vs. 10-19- After confession comes restoration
Vs. 10-13- 6 prayers & a promise
Vs. 14- prayer & a promise
Vs. 15- prayer & a promise
Vs. 16 & 17- David states more facts
Vs. 18 & 19- final prayer & a promise
Note: Ps. 51 is an outpouring from King David of facts & feelings, pleas &
promises from the heart & mind of a poet & a musician
Vs. 3- "I know my transgressions"- the woman he stole, the innocent
man he had murdered, God that he turned his back on
Vs. 17- God wants a broken spirit and a contrite heart
Pleading- have mercy, blot out, cleanse me, wash me, restore to me,
save me, open my lips
What David will do- teach sinners your ways, sing of your
righteousness, declare your praise
Vs. 7- Hyssop- branches- sprinkling for ceremonial cleansing
Whiter than snow- symbol of cleansing
Vs. 10-12- inner renewal to restore his relationship with God
Vs. 13-17- public acts of repentance
Vs. 16 & 17- God wants inward change- brokenness
Vs. 18 & 19- righteous sacrifices- inner attitude being right
Note: confession of sin requires transparency- sin still has its
consequences- true restoration & recovery cannot happen without a
true spiritual relationship with God. Only God can produce a clean
heart. Confessing our sins & receiving forgiveness of sins help us
help others to find God and be forgiven of their sins.
II. Action Items
A. Honest evaluations- "I can't stop myself. I need God's help to change"
Alcohol, drugs, critical judging spirit, depression, mad at God, self-
control- food, money, lust, language, thought
to change- AA or CR, Life Groups,
accountability partner, go to counseling or rehab
A. How do you need to turn from sin and turn to God?
B. I John 1:9
C. Acts 3:19